It can be nerve-wracking to undergo a home pregnancy test especially if you are unsure whether you can trust the accuracy of the results. This blog elaborates on the possible outcomes of a home pregnancy tests and the possible pitfalls associated with the results.
Positive test results
If the result is positive, you can be almost certain that you are pregnant. Because the strip shows the presence of HCG or pregnancy hormone only when one is pregnant. In that case, you need to get in touch with your general physician.
However, there are some medicines that can cause a positive result even if you are not really pregnant. These medicines include;
• Medicines used to treat allergic conditions
• Medicines used to treat Parkinson’s disease
• Anti-anxiety medicines
• Antipsychotics medicines
• Medicines that increase the urine amount and are used for conditions like heart failure
• That are used to treat conditions such as epilepsy
• Medicines that are used for infertility
Early miscarriage can also lead to a false positive result. In that case, if you perform the test later, you will get a negative result or your period will start again.
Negative test results
The negative test result indicates that you are not pregnant. However, this result can be erroneous too. If you perform the test too early or the result won’t show the surge of HCG in your urine. But if you carry out the test later, you will get a positive result.
Pregnancy tests vary in terms of what level of HCG needs to be present to ensure pregnancy or how fast they can detect HCG in the urine. You can gain information about the sensitivity level of the home test kit on its packaging.
You should consult your doctor if your test result is negative after the second test but your periods still haven’t started.
Is there any other reason behind getting a negative result when you are actually pregnant?
Yes, it’s possible to be pregnant and have a negative pregnancy test result for some other reasons too. Here are some of the reasons that can lead to a flawed negative result when you are pregnant.
You conceived later than you think
Sperm can live in your fallopian tubes for as many as five days, so it’s possible that you conceive several days after getting involved in sex. You can also ovulate later than you think, and perform the test. This way you won’t get a positive test result even if you are pregnant.
You didn’t follow the test instructions correctly
If you don’t follow the instructions properly you won’t get the right result. You should set the timer as per the instruction and not check the result too soon when you perform the home kit test.
The test kit wasn’t stored properly or expired
Before you carry out the test you need to go through the storage instructions and check the expiration date. After the expiration date, the chemical that detects the HCG either breaks down or degrades. The chemical can also be damaged due to exposure to water or due to extreme temperatures.
Too much HCG
Extremely high levels of HCG can potentially prevent home pregnancy tests kit from reading the result correctly and you will end up getting a negative result. Usually, when you carry twins or triplets, the levels of HFCG get extremely high.
Ectopic or molar pregnancies
Sometimes, ectopic or molar pregnancies can result in a false negative test result as well when you are actually pregnant.