In the current tense situation regarding the increase in the potential risk of the spread of the new Coronavirus 2019 – nCoV all around the world, we recall the methods of protection against coronavirus infection or coronavirus symptoms and other pathogens of acute respiratory viral diseases.
Top 5 Rules to Protect Against Coronavirus Infection
Rule 1. Wash Hands With Soap Frequently.
Clean and sanitize surfaces using household detergents.
Hand hygiene is an important measure to prevent the spread of influenza and coronavirus infection. Washing with soap removes viruses. If it is not possible to wash your hands with soap, use alcohol-containing or disinfecting wipes.
Cleaning and regular disinfection of surfaces (tables, door handles, chairs, gadgets, etc.) removes viruses also reduce coronavirus infection.
Rule 2. Follow distance and Decality
Viruses are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person by airborne droplets (by sneezing, coughing), therefore a distance of at least 1 meter from patients must be observed.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Influenza virus and coronavirus spread through these pathways.
Wear a mask or use other improvised protective equipment to reduce the risk of illness.
When coughing, sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with disposable wipes, which should be discarded after use.
Avoiding unnecessary trips and visiting crowded places can reduce the risk of illness.
Rule 3. Lead a healthy lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle increases the body’s resistance to infection. Follow a healthy regimen, including proper sleep, consumption of foods rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, and physical activity.
Rule 4. Protect respiratory bodies using a medical mask
Among other means of prevention, wearing masks occupies a special place, due to which the spread of the virus is limited.
Medical masks for respiratory protection are used:
– when visiting crowded places, traveling by public transport during the period of increasing incidence of acute respiratory viral infections;
– when caring for patients with acute respiratory viral infections;
– when communicating with persons with signs of acute respiratory viral infection;
– with the risks of infection by other infections transmitted by airborne droplets.
How To Care The Mask Correctly?
Masks can have a different design. They can be disposable or can be used repeatedly. There are masks that serve 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks is different, due to different impregnation. But you can’t wear the same mask all the time, so you can infect yourself twice. Which side inward to wear a medical mask is unprincipled.
In order to protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it correctly:
– the mask must be carefully fixed, tightly close the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps;
– try not to touch the surfaces of the mask when removing it; if you touch it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol;
– wet or damp mask should be replaced with a new, dry;
– do not use a disposable mask a second time;
– The used disposable mask should be discarded immediately.
When caring for the patient, after the end of contact with the sick person, the mask should be removed immediately. After removing the mask, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.
The mask is appropriate if you are in a place of crowded people, in public transport, and also when caring for the sick, but it is not practical outdoors.
During your stay on the street, it is useful to breathe fresh air and you should not wear a mask.
However, doctors recall that this single measure does not provide complete protection against the disease. In addition to wearing a mask, other preventive measures must be observed.
Rule 5. What to do in case of influence of influenza, Coronaviral infection?
Stay at home and see a doctor immediately.
Follow your doctor’s instructions, observe bed rest, and drink as much fluid as possible.
What Are The Symptoms Of Coronviral Infection?
High body temperature, chills, headache, weakness, nasal congestion, cough, shortness of breath, muscle pain, conjunctivitis. In some cases, there may be symptoms of a gastrointestinal upset: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
What Are The Complications?
Among the complications, viral pneumonia is leading. Deterioration in viral pneumonia is proceeding rapidly, and many patients have already developed respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation. Quickly started treatment helps to alleviate the severity of the disease.
What to do if in the family someone sicked with influenza / coronaviral infection?
Call a doctor.
Allow the patient a separate room in the house. If this is not possible, observe a distance of at least 1 meter from the patient.
Minimize contact between the patient and loved ones, especially children, the elderly and those with chronic conditions.
Ventilate the room frequently.
Keep clean, wash and disinfect surfaces with household detergents as often as possible.
Wash your hands often with soap.
When caring for a patient, cover your mouth and nose with a mask or other protective equipment (scarf, scarf, etc.). Only one family member should take care of the patient.