Traditionally, many people believe that liposuction is a method designed to reduce excess weight. However, this type of operation is a correction of the investigation, not the cause. And it is completely ineffective as a means of treatment. For people suffering from obesity, other types of interventions called bariatric surgery are provided. It is aimed at reducing the volume of the stomach and reducing the amount of absorption from it. All this leads to weight loss, correction of human appetite and stabilization of the results obtained during the course of complex treatment.
According to weight loss surgeon Los Angeles, in 95% of patients, the traditional treatment of obesity (diet, etc.) does not lead to the desired and sustainable results. After finishing a diet or taking special medications, weight inexorably returns again and becomes the cause of the development of serious diseases – diabetes, cardiovascular problems, difficulty sleeping, hypoxia, joint damage, etc. It is difficult to cure their “difficult” patient, and in some cases impossible, until he puts his weight in order. Loose weight with surgery in this situation are best option to choose.
How will we operate?
Among the most common operations that allow a person to lose weight, include: a gastric balloon, installing a “ring” on the entrance to the stomach, a longitudinal resection of the stomach (gastroplasty), gastric bypass surgery.
Gastric balloon is a temporary measure, i.e. it is installed for a certain period (not more than 6 months), after which it must be removed. This helps to lose a little weight in obesity of the II degree and below. A balloon is a temporary measure that allows you to lose a little weight in the process of preparing for a more effective operation.
Bandaging the stomach
This is the name of the procedure for installing the restrictive ring at the entrance to the stomach. It is quite effective and safe operation. But recently, doctors began to gradually abandon it, because although it shows good results, after a few years, most patients develop complications associated with the bandage itself. As a result, you have to re-operate and redo everything.
One of the most popular today is the longitudinal resection of the stomach, which has been performed worldwide for more than 10 years. Most of this organ is removed, due to which its volume is reduced, as well as the zone where hunger hormone, leptin, is produced. After such an operation, a person not only cannot eat as much food as before, but also receives a feeling of fullness much faster. The effect lasts for a long time, although if a person starts eating again excessively, then after 5-7 years the stomach will stretch. At the same time, it still will not reach its former size. The advantage of the resection is the fact that it practically does not give complications.
Gastric bypass surgery is a rather complicated type of operation, and it is very effective. This type of intervention is ideal in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. For example, after gastro shunting, diabetes symptoms disappear in 9 out of 10 patients, and this effect can be noted already in the first days after surgery, when a person is just starting to lose weight. At the same time, she has a number of restrictions, which the patient must be informed about.
The choice of this or that type of operation depends on many nuances and is carried out only in conjunction with a bariatric surgeon. For this, the peculiarities of a person’s nutritional behavior, his lifestyle, concomitant diseases, as well as possible risks of intervention are taken into account. In addition, you need to understand how many kilograms a person wants to lose weight with surgery . The final effect of such an intervention could achieve a year and a half after the operation, when the weight after reduction is finally stabilized. However, the first obvious improvements, for example, the normalization of blood sugar levels, can be observe in a month or two.
The postoperative rehabilitation period is quite short – about 3 days. However, then a person needs to take care of himself – take the prescribed vitamins and minerals, follow the recommendations for eating and its quality.